Eating disorders are a common problem of the modern society. Mostly women are affected by eating disorders but a number of men are also suffering from them.
Having an eating disorder is much more than being on a strict diet, carefully counting the calories and exercising daily to lose weight. An eating disorder is an illness that seriously affects the patient's life and the lives of his family members.
Those with eating disorders are trying to control their emotions and their lives through eating or through not eating, depending on each person with an eating disorder.
The two main eating disorders are anorexia and bulimia. Both illnesses make their victims obsessed with the fact that they must do everything in their powers to not become fat. They feel that as long as they are thin they are in control of their actions and lives.
Those with bulimia eat a large amount of food in a short time and then they make themselves throw up or they take a large amount of laxatives so they eliminate all the food they've eaten as fast as possible.
Bulimia patients do a lot of physical exercises and they eat very little, until they can't stand the hunger and they eat as much as they can. When they realize the they have eaten a lot of food they immediately take action to eliminate it.
The causes of bulimia are psychological, and they are related to stress, culture or the family.
The symptoms of bulimia are:
-the patient takes extreme measures to lose a lot of weight, exercises all the time even if he/she is injured or very tired
-throws up or takes pills to urinate often or laxatives
If bulimia is not discovered and treated by a specialized doctor it can gravely endanger the health condition of the patient. It can cause depression, anxiety, cavities, fatigue, weakness, ulcer, low blood pressure and many more.
Those with anorexia are obsessed with losing weight and they have a distorted image of their own bodies too. Even if they are as thin as a stick they will still think that they are fat.
They talk about diets and exercising all the time and they do not eat at all. If you offer them food they will refuse. They can even die of starvation eventually if they continue to refuse to eat for a long time.
As in bulimia's case, anorexics talk all the time about losing weight and they always exercise and keep a strict diet.
Anorexia can also lead to serious health issues like low blood pressure, weakened bones and defense system, kidney stones, depression, loss of period in women and loss of potency in men, and many more.
Those with anorexia or bulimia must be helped as soon as possible before they seriously harm themselves. They will deny that they have a problem , so talking with them won't help. They must be helped by specialized doctors.